Information presented on this website is for educational purposes only.
Materials presented have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration and are not in any way a replacement or substitute for professional medical diagnosis and treatment. 

 
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Information presented on this website is for educational purposes only.
Materials presented have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration and is not meant to diagnose or treat medical illnesses.
 

 


Philosophical Differences Between Western and Chinese Medicine:

Part 1: Western Medicine
Part 2: Traditional Chinese Medicine
Part 3: Modern Chinese Medicine

 
Liver Disorders
Hepatitis C
Liver Fibrosis
Alcoholic Hepatitis
Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) or Fatty Liver  
Auto-Immune Hepatitis
Cholestatic Hepatitis
 

Chronic Lyme Disease


IBS/Crohn's Disease


 

Modern Chinese Medicine and Supportive Therapies for Cancer Patients
Artemisinin and its Derivatives
 



 



 

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Anti-Liver-Fibrosis Treatments

What is liver fibrosis?

Classifications of Liver Fibrosis

Pathophysiology of Liver Fibrosis

Diagnosis and Staging of Liver Fibrosis

What is liver cirrhosis?

Is Fibrosis reversible?

MCM Anti-Fibrosis Treatments

 


Diagnosis and Staging of Liver Fibrosis

1. Histological diagnosis by biopsy: In order to objectively evaluate the stage of fibrosis, liver biopsy, especially a series of biopsies is the main method we can use today. From the biopsy, we can diagnose the liver inflammation grade and also the stage of the fibrosis. The most commonly used scoring system is Kanel scoring system, which stages the fibrosis from 0 to 5. (At the same time the biopsy diagnosis also give a ranking of inflammation grade, which is from 0 to 4) Stage 0: normal; Stage 1: portal expansion with fibrosis (<1/3 tracts with wisps of bridging.); Stage 2: bridging fibrosis; Stage 3: marked bridging fibrosis or early cirrhosis (with thin septa fibrosis); Stage 4: definite cirrhosis with <50% of biopsy fibrosis; Stage 5: definite cirrhosis with >50%of biopsy fibrosis.

2. Blood tests to diagnose liver fibrosis:
Because biopsy is an invasive procedure, many patients are wary of the procedure. Blood tests are being studied as a method to evaluate the fibrosis progression. The most commonly used serum chemical analysis method is by measuring the amount of HA (hyaluronic acid), LN (Laminin), CIV (collagen IV), PCIII (procollagen type III) in the serum. They can be used as a reference index of fibrosis activities. From the blood tests, the ratio of AST/ALT is found and when it is greater than 1, it often shows that the degree of fibrosis is relatively advanced. Combined with whether is there an enlarged spleen and depletion of platelets count and albumin level, we can also estimate the stage of the fibrosis. In advanced fibrosis, the spleen is usually enlarged with platelets counts lower than 100 and albumin lower than 3.5. With blood test results, the evaluation of the severity of fibrosis is only useful to access the stage 0, 1 and 3, 4,and 5. It is not able to distinguish the stages between 2 and 3.

Medical imagery diagnosis B-ultrasonic, CT, and MRI can also be used to evaluate the liver fibrosis. The B-ultrasonic image is often used to check the size of the spleen, measure the diameter of the main stern of the portal vein, the diameters of right and left portal vein branches, the diameter of vein at the portal of the spleen, and the blood flow speed of the portal vein. GI endoscopies can be used to see whether varices exists in the stomach and esophagus. These can be used as a reference for the hepatologist to evaluate the stage of fibrosis.

Information presented on this website is for educational purposes only.
Materials presented have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration and are not in any way a replacement or substitute for professional medical diagnosis and treatment. 

 

Information presented on this website is for educational purposes only.
Materials presented have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration and are not in any way a replacement or substitute for professional medical diagnosis and treatment. 

 

Copyright  2005 Sinomed Research Institute

Medical Information Resources:
http://www.nih.gov/
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/

http://nccam.nih.gov/


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